Dr. John Bruni
Adelaide, South Australia
Yemen’s Complex Landscape: Yemen’s history is marked by factionalism, involving regional, tribal, sectarian, and geopolitical forces. The Houthi insurgency plays a crucial role, aiming to consolidate control over the entire country amidst this intricate backdrop.
Current Divisions: Yemen has three major ‘zones of influence.’ A Saudi-backed government, an Emirati-supported Southern Transitional Council (STC), and the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels. The Houthi objective is to unite Yemen under its leadership. Note there are factions within these zones of influence.
Houthi Strategy: Recognising their military limitations, the Houthis leverage discontent by aligning with pro-Palestinian sentiment, particularly by supporting Hamas. They aim to unite disenfranchised Yemenis, portraying themselves as champions against corruption and foreign influence. The Houthi narrative faces uncertainties in unifying Yemen without triggering internal conflicts.